Early Medieval Art 500-1000 CE

Selected Research Guides

Boyce, Gray Cowan. Literature of medieval history, 1930-1975: a supplement to Louis John Paetow's A guide to the study of medieval history. Compiled and edited by Gray Cowan Boyce; sponsored by the Mediaeval Academy of America; foreword by Paul Meyvaert. Millwood, N.Y., Kraus International Publications, c1981. 5v. See, especially, Part II: General history of the Middle Ages, Period I, 500-1100 AD. Includes a useful chapter on arts and culture. Volume 5 is an excellent index to the set.

Caenegem, R.C. van. Guide to the sources of medieval history. With the collaboration of F. L. Ganshof. Translation of Encyclopedie van de geschiedenis der middeleeuwen. Amsterdam; New York, North-Holland Pub. Co., 1978. xv, 428p. (Europe in the middle ages; 2) A thorough introduction to resources in all areas of medieval history including the arts. Use with updated French edition, below, if possible.

_________. Introduction aux sources de l'histoire médiévale. Avec la collaboration de F.L. Ganshof; traduction de l'anglais par B. van den Abeele. Turnholti, Brepols, 1997. 649p. (Corpus Christianorum; Continuatio Mediaevalis) This edition includes and update of 200 additional pages of excellent annotated bibliography arranged by subject, regional resources, and period; it is otherwise identical to the Manuel, below.

__________. Manuel des études médiévales: typologie des sources, historique, grandes collections. Avec la collaboration de F.L. Ganshof. Louvain-La-Neuve, Université catholique de Louvain; Turnhout, Brepols, 1997. 433p. (Reference works for the study of medieval civilization) This is a new translation to French of the 1978 edition of Guide to the sources of medieval history, above.

Columbia University: Ancient and Medieval Studies


Interlibros: Classical and Medieval Studies at Harvard


Medieval Art and Architecture. University of British Columbia Library. Fine Arts Division


Paetow, Louis John. A guide to the study of medieval history. With errata compiled by Gray C. Boyce and an addendum by Lynn Thorndike; prepared under the auspices of the Mediaeval Academy of America. Millwood, N.Y., Kraus Reprints, [1980] c1959. cxii, 643p. Still very useful, this comprehensive guide contains chapters on pictorial works, books and libraries, and medieval art, architecture and music.

Medieval studies: an introduction. Edited by James M. Powell. Syracuse, N.Y., Syracuse University Press, 1992. xviii, 438p. Chapters on archaeology by David Whitehouse and medieval art by Wayne Dynes are invaluable for the beginning to intermediate researcher. Also includes excellent introductions to related fields in medieval research.

SULAIR: Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources - Medieval Studies. http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/medieval/

Selected Bibliography

Constable, Giles. Medieval monasticism: a select bibliography. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press, c1976. xx, 171p.

Crosby, Everett Uberto. Medieval studies: a bibliographical guide. With C. Julian Bishko and Robert L. Kellogg. New York, Garland Pub., 1983. xxv, 1131p., ill. Wonderful source despite its age; classified bibliography by media, region, genre, etc. Many specific art and architecture sub-categories.

Ferreiro, Alberto. The Visigoths in Gaul and Spain, A.D. 418-711: a bibliography. Leiden; New York, E.J. Brill, 1988. lxii, 822p. Includes coverage of art, architecture, the minor arts, numismatics, epigraphy, and funeraria.

Friedman, John Block. Medieval iconography: a research guide. With Jessica M. Wegmann. New York, Garland Pub., 1998. xxiv, 437p.

Historical Association (Great Britain) Annual bulletin of historical literature. [London], Historical Association, 1911- Excellent bibliographical resource. Each issue contains references to new publications of primary and secondary sources for the early medieval period as well as other historical periods. Associated with the journal, History. Also available full-text from 1997- through Blackwell’s Synergy: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com

Identifier sources et citations. Jacques Berlioz ... [et al.]. [Turnhout, Belgique], Brepols, 1994.
336p. Very well organized source, with extensive sections for iconography, hagiography, bestiaries, etc.

Kaske, Robert Earl. Medieval Christian literary imagery: a guide to interpretation. In collaboration with Arthur Groos and Michael W. Twomey. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press, c1988. (Toronto medieval bibliographies; 11)

Knögel-Anrich, Elsmarie. Schriftquellen zur Kunstgeschichte der Merowingerzeit. Mit einem Vorwort von Kurt Böhner. Hildesheim, New York, G. Olms, 1992. xii, 258p.

Medioevo latino. Società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo latino. Florence : SISMEL, Edizioni del Galluzzo, 1998- The bibliographical appendix to Studi medievali. Now also available on CDROM.

Nees, Lawrence. From Justinian to Charlemagne: European art, 565-787: an annotated bibliography. Boston, Mass., G.K. Hall, c1985. xvi, 278p., ill.

Rouse, Richard H. Serial bibliographies for medieval studies. Assisted by J. H. Claxton and M. D. Metzger. Berkeley, University of California Press 1969. xiii, 150p. Another still-useful standard. Good for use as supplement to online sources for medieval studies journals.

Vernet, André. La bible au moyen âge: bibliographie. Paris, Editions du CNRS, 1989. 131p.

Zotter, Hans. Bibliographie faksimilierter Handschriften. Graz, Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst., 1976. 285p. Contains an index that includes entries for individuals, places, and events treated in MS as well as titles, authors, collections. Introduction to the printed volumes and CD and list of facsimile series available through Universitätsbibliothek Graz: http://www.kfunigraz.ac.at/ub/sosa/faksbib/faksbib-frame.html Also available as a database with updates, Bibliographie faksimilierter Handschriften: von den Anfängen bis Ende 1992. Graz, Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, 1996.

Selected Primary Sources

Archive of Celtic-Latin literature: ACLL: Royal Irish Academy dictionary of medieval Latin from Celtic sources. Compiled by Anthony Harvey [et.al.]. Turnhout, Brepols, 1994. Texts from the early Middle Ages. The first release, ACLL-1, contains texts from key authors such as St. Patrick, Augustinus Hibernicus, Columbanus, Sedulius Scottus, John Scottus Eriugena, Peter Abelard. Over one hundred saints’ lives are included as well as many theological works, liturgical, legislative and penitential works and inscriptions. Contains more than 400 Latin works from over 100 known and unknown authors.

CELT: Corpus of electronic texts


CELT, the Corpus of Electronic Texts, provides a searchable online database consisting of contemporary and historical texts from many areas, including literature and the other arts.

The Dictionary of Old English Corpus. Edited by Antonette diPaolo Healey.


A searchable collection of 3037 texts, representing a complete record of surviving Old English except for some variant manuscripts of individual texts. New search tools being added periodically. Covers Great Britain and Old English and Latin. A microfiche concordance was published in 1980 by Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto. See "The Dictionary of Old English Corpus on the World-Wide Web," OEN 33.1 (Fall, 1999), 21-28.

Early medieval art, 300-1150: sources and documents. Compiled by Caecilia Davis-Weyer.
Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press in association with the Medieval Academy of America, 1986. x, 182p.

Grinten, Evert F. van der. Elements of art historiography in medieval texts: an analytic study. Translated from the Dutch by Miss D. Aalders. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1969. 152p. Translations and analyses of excerpts from medieval texts that contain commentary on architecture, art, and artists.

Library of Latin texts. Centre Traditio Litterarum Occidentalium. Turnhout [Belgium], Brepols, 2002- . Latin texts with translations in English, French, German, and Italian, chiefly from the following corpora: Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina; Corpus Christianorum. Continuatio Medievalis; Corpus Christianorum ecclesiasticorum Latinorum; Patrologiae cursus completus. Series Latina; Patrologiae Latinae supplementum; Sources chrétiennes; S. Bernardi opera omnia and Biblia sacra juxta vulgatam versionem. The Continuatio assembles Christian texts from the Carolingian era to the end of the Middle Ages. It includes also works absent from Migne's Patrologia Latina or previously published incomplete. An example of a resource that will guide the use of this tool may be found at the University of Indiana, http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/help-services/QuickGuides/clclt/about-clclt3.html

Medieval hagiography: an anthology. Edited by Thomas Head. New York, Garland Pub., 2000.
xlix, 834p. Texts in translation include a significant number from the early middle ages. Includes introductions to each text, notes, and bibliographies.

Medieval Sourcesonline from Manchester University Press.


Hundreds of full-text medieval history documents are available by subscription at website, above. A free medieval studies portal is also available.

Monumenta Germaniae historica. Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum. Scriptores rerum merovingicarum. Edidit Societas Aperiendis Fontibus Rerum Germanicarum Medii Aevi. Hannover, Hahn, 1884-1979. 7v., 27-31 cm. Also available as: Electronic Monumenta Germaniae Historica: eMGH [electronic resource]. Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Munchen. Turnhout [Belgium], Brepols, 1996- . The Monumenta Germaniae Historica was founded in 1819 by the Gesellschaft für Deutschlands ältere Geschichtskunde. The MGH is divided into five major series and into thirty-three subseries covering a wide range of medieval historical documentation. The search-software allows the user to distinguish the major series, namely the Scriptores, Leges, Diplomata, Epistolae and Antiquitates. eMGH-2 contains a selection of more than 400 works from different series but offers the majority of the texts that have been edited in the subseries, Auctores Antiquissimi and Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum. From the Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum the user will find works of Gregory of Tours, Fredegar, and the complete Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici. Other works that are available are the Epistulae Bonifatii et Lulli, Concilia aevi Saxonici et Salici, the Diplomata Ludovici II and the Epistulae of Peter Damian.

The Online Medieval and Classical Library


Searchable and up-to-date online bibliography of full-text sources.

The ORB: Internet Medieval Sourcebook


An excellent aggregate website with many full-text excerpts and documents. Primary source material are organized by epoch.

Selected Dictionaries/Encyclopedias/Glossaries

Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Joseph R. Strayer, editor-in-chief. New York, Scribner, c1982-c1989. 13v., ill. 1 interim index (ix, 190p.) [and] Supplement. William Chester Jordan, editor-in- chief. New York, Scribner, c2004- v., ill.

Encyclopedia of monasticism. Editor, William M. Johnston; photo editor, Claire Renkin.
Chicago; London, Fitzroy Dearborn, c2000. 2v. (xxxiv, 1556p., [48] p. of plates), ill., (some col.)

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Edited by Andre Vauchez in conjunction with Barrie Dobson and Michael Lapidge; English translation by Adrian Walford. Paris, Editions du Cerf; Chicago, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers; Rome, Città nuova, c2000. 2v., ill. (some col.), maps.

Jakobi-Mirwald, Christine. Buchmalerei: ihre Terminologie in der Kunstgeschichte. Berlin, Reimer, c1997. 255p., ill. Illustrated dictionary of terms and visual motifs. Includes references to manuscripts and extensive bibliography.

Lexikon des Mittelalters. [Hrsg. von Robert Auty ... et al.]. München; Zürich, Artemis-Verlag, 1977-1999. 10v. Also available online by subscription from Brepols http://www.brepols.net Online version includes a word-by-word translation tool. Now with links to references in the IMB: International Medieval Bibliography.

Maier, Bernhard. Dictionary of Celtic religion and culture. Translated by Cyril Edwards. Rochester, N.Y., Boydell Press, 1997. xiii, 338p.

Medieval archaeology: an encyclopedia. Edited by Pam J. Crabtree. New York, Garland Pub., 2001. xxi, 426p., ill., maps. (Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages)

Medieval England: an encyclopedia. Editors: Paul E. Szarmach, M. Teresa Tavormina, Joel T. Rosentha. New York, Garland Pub., 1998. lxiv, 882p., ill., maps. Very good sections on architecture and the arts.

Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia. E. Michael Gerli, editor; associate editors, Samuel G. Armistead ... [et al.]. New York, Routledge, 2003. xxx, 920p., ill.

Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia. Christopher Kleinhenz, editor. New York, Routledge, 2004.
2v., xxx, 1290 p., ill., maps (Routledge encyclopedias of the Middle Ages)

Medieval Jewish civilization: an encyclopedia. Norman Roth, editor. New York, Routledge, 2003. xxi, 701p., ill. (Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages)

Medieval Scandinavia: an encyclopedia. Phillip Pulsiano, editor; Kirsten Wolf, co-editor; Paul Acker, associate editor; Donald K. Fry, associate editor; advisers, Knut Helle ... [et al.].
New York, Garland, 1993. xix, 768p., ill., maps.(Garland encyclopedias of the middle ages; 1)

Ross, Leslie. Medieval art: a topical dictionary. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1996. xxiv, 292p.

Trade, travel, and exploration in the Middle Ages: an encyclopedia. Editors, John Block Friedman, Kristen Mossler Figg; associate editor, Scott D. Westrem; collaborating editor, Gregory G. Guzman. New York, Garland Pub., 2000. xxxix, 715p., ill., maps, (Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages)

Selected Surveys/Monographs

Arts in General

Anker, Peter. The art of Scandinavia. With a contribution by Aron Andersson. London; New York, P. Hamlyn [1970] 2v. ill., maps, plates (part col.). Still extremely useful source for comprehensive coverage in English. Strong in the early medieval period. Superb illustrations throughout.

Approaches to early-medieval art. Edited by Lawrence Nees. Cambridge, Mass., Medieval Academy of America, 1998. xi, 185p., [26] leaves of plates, ill., map, plan.

Atroshenko, V. I. The origins of the Romanesque: Near Eastern influences on European art, 4th-12th centuries. With architectural drawings by Nigel Cox and other drawings by G.M. Mundy. London, Lund Humphries, 1985. 176p., [16] p. of plates, ill. (some col.), maps, plans. Good introduction to the transmission of styles during the early middle ages.

Beckwith, John. Early medieval art: Carolingian, Ottonian, Romanesque. New York, Oxford University Press, c1974. 270p., ill., (some col.)

Benton, Janetta Rebold. Art of the Middle Ages. New York, N.Y., Thames & Hudson, 2002. 320p., ill. (some col.) (World of art)

Bullough, Donald A. Carolingian renewal: sources and heritage. Mancheste; New York, Manchester University Press, c1991. viii, 343p., ill.

Carolingian culture: emulation and innovation. Edited by Rosamond McKitterick. Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 1994. xvii, 334p. : ill., music.

Celtic arts and culture


Chastel, André. French art. Translated from the French by Deke Dusinberre. Paris; New York, Flammarion, c1994- v., ill., (some col.). See volume 1: Prehistory to the middle ages. Chastel’s last work is beautifully illustrated and enhanced by an excellent bibliography.

Early medieval art in the British Museum and British Library. By Ernst Kitzinger. London, British Museum publications, 1983. 127p., 16p. of plates, ill., (some col.)

Focillon, Henri. The art of the West in the Middle Ages. Edited and introduced by Jean Bony; [translated from the French by Donald King; with a glossary by P. Kidson]. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press, 1980, c1963. 2v., ill. See the Introduction and Chapter I, “The Great experiments: the eleventh century.”

Grégoire, Réginald. The monastic realm. With Léo Moulin, and Raymond Oursel.
New York : Rizzoli, 1985. 287p., ill. (some col.). Good coverage of the early medieval period. Excellent, color illustrations throughout.

Hubert, Jean. Europe of the invasions. [Translated by Stuart Gilbert and James Emmons]. New York, G. Braziller [1969] xv, 387p. illus. (part fold. col.), facsims. (part col.), col. maps (3 fold.), plans (part col.)

________. The Carolingian renaissance. New York, G. Braziller [1970] xi, 380p. illus. (part col.), col. maps (part fold.), plans (part col.)

Jope, Edward Martyn. Early Celtic art in the British Isles. Oxford, Clarendon; New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 2v.

Karolingische Kunst. Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Braunfels und Hermann Schnitzler. Düsseldorf, L. Schwann [1965] 590p. illus. (part fold., incl. plans), 38 col. plates. (Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, Bd. 3)

Kidson, Peter. The medieval world. New York, McGraw-Hill, [1967] 176p. illus. (part col.) maps, plans.

Lasko, Peter. Ars sacra, 800-1200. New Haven, Yale University Press, c1994. xii, 319p.. ill. (some col.), maps. (Pelican history of art)

Medieval panorama. Edited by Robert Bartlett. Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, c2001
336p., ill., (chiefly col.).

Megaw, M. Ruth. Celtic art: from its beginnings to the Book of Kells. New York, N.Y., Thames & Hudson, 2001. 312p., ill., (some col.), maps.

Merowingerzeit: die Altertümer im Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte. Redaktion, Marion Bertram; Fotos, Klaus Göken. Mainz am Rhein, P. von Zabern; [Berlin], Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz, c1995. 115p., ill. (some col.). Contains essay describing the classification and exhibition of of Merovingian objects in the late 19th and early 20th century in German collections. Many color illustrations of glass, metalwork, and pottery.

Nees, Lawrence. Early medieval art. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. 272p., ill., (some col.), col. maps, ports. An excellent bibliographical essay intended for inclusion in this volume may be found at http://www.udel.edu/ArtHistory/oxbibl.htm

The Northern world: the history and heritage of northern Europe, AD 400-1100. Edited by David M. Wilson; texts by Christine E. Fell ... [et al.]. New York, H. N. Abrams, 1980. 248p. ill., maps.

Ryan, Michael. Studies in medieval Irish metalwork. London, Pindar Press, 2002. 608p., ill.

Schapiro, Meyer. Late antique, early Christian, and mediaeval art. New York, G. Braziller, 1979. xvi, 414p., ill.

Snyder, James. Medieval art: painting-sculpture-architecture, 4th-14th century. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall; New York, H.N. Abrams, 1989. 511p., ill., (some col.), maps, plans.

Stokstad, Marilyn. Medieval art. New York, Harper & Row, c1986. xxix, 446p., [8] p. of plates, ill. (some col.), maps, plans.

Stone, Lawrence. Sculpture in Britain: the Middle Ages. Harmondsworth, Eng., Baltimore], Penguin Books [1972]xxii, 297p. ill.

Wright, David H. Art in the dark ages. New Haven, Yale University Press, NYP. (Pelican history of art) Due in 2006.

Zarnecki, George. Art of the medieval world architecture, sculpture, painting, the sacred arts. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1975. 476p., ill., (some col.)


Brown, Michelle P. A guide to Western historical scripts from antiquity to 1600. London, British Library, 1993. 138p., ill., facsims.

_____. Understanding illuminated manuscripts: a guide to technical terms. Malibu, Calif., J. Paul Getty Museum in association with the British Library, c1994. 127p., ill., (some col.).

Carolingian painting. Introduction by Florentine Mütherich; provenances and commentaries by Joachim E. Gaehde. New York, G. Braziller, 1976. 126p., ill. (some col.).

Codices latini antiquiores; a palaeographical guide to Latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century, edited by E.A. Lowe ... Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1934-1966. 12v. facsims. & supp. “A succinct description ... of all known Latin literary manuscripts on papyrus, parchment, or vellum which may be regarded as older than the ninth century, accompanied by a specimen, unreduced, of the script, and supplemented by a selected bibliography. Contents: I. The Vatican city.--II. Great Britain and Ireland.--III. Italy: Ancona-Novara.--IV.Italy: Perugia-Verona.--V. France: Paris.--VI. France: Abbeville-Valenciennes.--VII. Switzerland.--VIII. Germany: Altenburg-Leipzig.--IX. Germany: Maria Laach-Würzburg.--X. Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, and Holland.--XI. Hungary, Luxembourg, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, United States, and Yugoslavia.

De Hamel, Christopher. A history of illuminated manuscript. London, Phaidon Press, 1994. 272p., ill. (some col.). See chapters I & II and the excellent bibliographical essay.

______. Scribes and illuminators. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press, c1992. 72 p., ill. (some col.) (Medieval craftsmen)

Farneti, Manuela. Glossario tecnico-storico del mosaico: con una breve storia del mosaico = Technical-historical glossary of mosaic art: with an historical survey of mosaic art. Ravenna [Italy], Longo, c1993. 236 p., ill., (some col.).

Fitzgerald, Wilma. Ocelli nominum: names and shelf marks of famous/familiar manuscripts.
Toronto, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, c1992. 170p.

Grabar, André. Early medieval painting from the fourth to the eleventh century: Mosaics and mural painting. Book illumination, by Carl Nordenfalk. Translated by Stuart Gilbert. [New York], Skira, [1957] 241p., ill., (part mounted, part col.) map.

Hughes, Andrew. Medieval manuscripts for Mass and office: a guide to their organization and terminology. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press, 1995. xl, 470p., ill.

Koehler, Wilhelm Reinhold Walter. Die karolingischen Miniaturen. Im Auftrage des Deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft. Berlin, B. Cassirer, 1930- (5)v.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar, 1905- Latin manuscript books before 1600: a list of the printed catalogues and unpublished inventories of extant collections. München, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 1993. Section A: Bibliography and statistics of libraries and their collections of manuscripts -- Works describing manuscripts of more than one city -- Printed catalogues and handwritten inventories of individual libraries, by cities – Section D: Directories and guides to libraries and archives. See SULAIR for a description of how to use Kristeller in conjunction with the microfilm indexes http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/medieval/mss/mancon.html

Matthiae, Guglielmo. Mosaici medioevali delle chiese di Roma. [Roma] Istituto poligrafico dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato [1967] 2v. illus., plates (68 col.)

Matthiae, Guglielmo. Pittura romana del Medioevo. Roma, Flli. Palombi, c1987-c1988. 2nd ed.,

2v., ill., (some col.).

Mayr-Harting, Henry. Ottonian book illumination: an historical study. London, H. Miller Publishers, c1999. 2v. in 1. ill. (some col.), facsims., maps.

Nordenfalk, Carl Adam Johan. Early medieval book illumination. Geneva, Switzerland, Skira; New York, Rizzoli, 1988. 145p., col. ill. Originally published as Pt. two of Early medieval painting from the fourth to the eleventh century. New York, Skira, 1957.

Ross, Leslie. Text, image, message: saints in medieval manuscript illustrations. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, c1994. xix, 207p., [50]p. of plates, ill.

Survey of manuscripts illuminated in the British Isles. London, Harvey Miller, 1975- (6) v.

See volume 1, Insular manuscripts, 6th to the 9th century by J. J. G. Alexander and volume 2: Anglo-Saxon manuscripts, 900-1066 by Elżbieta Temple.

The Utrecht psalter in Medieval art : picturing the Psalms of David . Edited by Koert van der Horst, William Noel, Wilhelmina C.M. Wüstefeld. Tuurdijk, Netherlands; London, Harvey Miller Publishers , c1996. xii, 271p., ill., (some col.), map. Published in conjunction with the exhibition ’Het Utrechts psalter, middeleeuwse meesterwerken rond een beroemd handschrift,’ Utrecht, 1996. See also The Utrecht Psalter: Digital facsimile of ms. 32 of Utrecht University Library (Microsoft Explorer only), http://psalter.library.uu.nl/

Bestiaries and Herbals

Blunt, Wilfrid. The Illustrated herbal. London, Frances Lincoln, 1994. 190p., ill, (some col.), facsims.

Collins, Minta. Medieval herbals: the illustrative traditions. London, British Library; Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2000. 334p., ill., (some col.)

Hicks, Carola. Animals in early medieval art. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1993.

ix, 309p., ill.

Links to online herbal resources


The mark of the beast: the medieval bestiary in art, life, and literature. Edited by Debra Hassig. New York, Garland Pub., 1999. xxi, 219p., ill., (Garland medieval casebooks; 22)

Payne, Ann. Medieval beasts. London, British Library, 1990. 96p.,ill., (some col.)

Architecture and Sculpture

The Anglo Saxon church: papers on history, architecture, and archaeology in honor of Dr. H.M Taylor. London, Council for British Archaeology, 1986. xi, 226p., ill. Contains an important essay in translation by C.M. Heitz, “The iconography of architectural form.”

Barral i Altet, Xavier. The early middle ages: from late antiquity to A.D. 1000. Photographs, Claude Huber, Anne and Henri Stierlin ; English translation, Lory Frankel]. Köln; New York, Taschen, c1997. 237p., col. ill., maps, plans. (Taschen’s world architecture) Well-conceived parallel timelines that key historical events to architectural monuments.

Braunfels, Wolfgang. Monasteries of Western Europe: the architecture of the orders. Translated by Alastair Laing. New York, N.Y., Thames and Hudson, 1993. 263p., ill. The first three chapters give an excellent introduction to monastic culture and architecture in the early middle ages.

Conant, Kenneth John. Carolingian and Romanesque architecture, 800 to 1200. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1993. 522p., ill., maps, plans.

Fergusson, Peter. Medieval architectural scholarship in America, 1900-1940: Ralph Adams Cram and Kenneth John Conant in Studies in the history of art (National Gallery, Washington DC)1990, v.35, p.127-145.

Fontaine, Jacques. L'art préroman hispanique. Photographies inédites de Zodiaque. [La Pierre-qui-Vire] Zodiaque, 1973-[77] 2 v. ill., (part col.)

Higham, Robert. Timber castles. London, B.T. Batsford, 1992. 390p., ill., maps, plans.

The idea and ideal of the town between late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. Edited by G.P. Brogiolo and Bryan Ward-Perkins. Leiden; Boston, Brill, 1999. xvi, 265p., [32] p. of plates, ill., plans (The transformation of the Roman world; 4) See especially “Town images in late antiquity and the early middle ages” by Carlo Bertelli and “Ideas of the town in Italy during the transition period “ by G. P. Brogiolo.

Lepage, Jean-Denis. Castles and fortifed cities of medieval Europe: an illustrated history. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland & Company, Inc., 2002. vi, 329p., ill., maps, plans.

McClendon, Charles B. The imperial abbey of Farfa: architectural currents of the early Middle Ages. New Haven, Yale University Press, c1987. xvi, 197p., 138 p. of plates, ill.

Meaningful architecture: social interpretations of buildings. Edited by Martin Locock.
Brookfield, Vt., Avebury, c1994. 312p., ill. (Worldwide archaeology series). Contains papers on Carolingian palaces, Viking houses, British monasteries and the medieval concept of space.

Nicholas, David. The growth of the medieval city: from late antiquity to the early fourteenth century. London; New York, Longman, 1997. xviii, 413p., maps.

Oursel, Raymond. Invention de l'architecture romane. [La Pierre-qui-Vire] Zodiaque, 1986.
466p. illus., maps, plans, plates, (part col.).

Price, Lorna. The Plan of St. Gall in brief. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1982. xii, 99 p. : ill. (some col.), facsims., plans. "An overview based on the 3-volume work by Walter Horn and Ernest Born including selected facsimile illustrations in color and black and white, and also a Note on architectural scale models, with illustrations in color of the Reconstruction scale model of the Monastery of the plan of St. Gall, as interpreted by Horn and Born, and crafted in basswood by Carl Bertil Lund." See also, Virtuelle Baustelle der Klosterplan von St. Gallen, http://www.univie.ac.at/kunstgeschichte-tutorium/stgallen/index.htm

Stalley, Roger. Early medieval architecture. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 1999.
272 p., ill, (some col.), col. maps, plans, (Oxford history of art) Contains an extensive and informative bibliographic essay.

Thompson, Michael Welman. The medieval hall: the basis of secular domestic life, 600-1600 AD. Aldershot, England; Scolar Press, Brookfield, Vt., Ashgate Pub. Co., c1995. ix, 212 p., ill.

Vieillard-Troiekouroff, May. Les monuments religieux de la Gaule d'après les œuvres de Grégoire de Tours. Paris, H. Champion, [1976] 487 p., [8] leaves of plates, ill., geneal. table, maps.

Topographical Surveys/Atlases/Timelines

The buildings of England. Edited by Nicholas Pevsner. Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1951-

Essential ongoing series with extensive documentation of the early medieval period. Arranged by county. Perhaps unsurpassed in combining historical context, descriptive analysis, and bibliography for individual structures. A text-only index available on CDROM, compiled by Michael Good, was published by Oxford University Press in 1995.

Danmarks kirker. Nationalmuseet København, Nationalmuseets forlag., Bd. 1- 1933-

Ongoing project to document all Danish churches and their contents. Some volumes have summaries in English. Related website has an illustrated glossary of medieval building elements and construction techniques, http://www.danmarkskirker.dk/index.htm

Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Braunschweig, Friedr. Viewig, 1988-

Rich in illustrations and documentation, this series covers religious and secular buildings of all periods. Includes architectural fragments, archaeology, maps, plans, surveys, and early views

Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. [Begründet vom Tag für Denkmalpflege 1900. Neubearbeitung besorgt durch die Vereinigung zur Herausgabe des Dehio-Handbuches]. [München] Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1964- v. illus. Survey of Germany’s art and architectural monuments. Organized by region and continually revised. Without illustrations but comprehensive in coverage of major to minor monuments and buildings.

Haywood, John. The Penguin historical atlas of the Vikings. London; New York, Penguin Books, 1995. 1 atlas (144p.), col. ill., col. maps.

L’inventaire géneral des monuments et des richesses artistiques de la France. Inventaires topographiques. [Paris], Ministère des affaires culturelles, 1969- . State sponsored inventory of France’s cultural hertiage. Covers art and architecture. Arranged by region. Includes extensive bibliography and illustrations.

Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz. Basel, Birkhäuser Verlag, 1927- State-sponsored inventory of art and architectural monuments in Switzerland and Lichtenstein from the early middle ages. Arranged chronologically within each region. Well-illustrated.

Matthew, Donald. Atlas of medieval Europe. New York, N.Y., Facts on File, Inc., [c1983]
240p., col. ill., col. maps.

McEvedy, Colin. The new Penguin atlas of medieval history. London, England; New York, Penguin Books, 1992. 112p. col. maps.

The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies: Medieval maps


Österreichische Kunsttopographie. Wien, A. Schroll, 1907-

State-sponsored inventory of Austrian art and architecture. Arranged by region; contains detailed descriptions of monuments and sites. Well-illustrated with very detailed summaries. On a par with the Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Steer, John. Atlas of western art history: artists, sites, and movements from ancient Greece to the modern age. New York, Facts on File, c1994. 335p., ill. (some col.), maps, plans.

The World atlas of archaeology. Foreword by Michael Wood. Boston, Mass., G.K. Hall, c1985.
423p., ill., (some col.), maps, plans.
Very good section on the early middles ages with entries on the arts, new towns, and trade/commerce.

Ivories/Numismatics/Metal Work

Belaubre, Jean. Dictionnaire de numismatique médiévale occidentale.
Paris, Léopard d'or, [1996] 151 p., ill.

Cherry, John F. Goldsmiths. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press, c1992. 72p., ill. (some col.), plan. (Medieval craftsmen)

Depeyrot, Georges. Le numéraire mérovingien: l'âge de l'or. Wetteren: Moneta, 1998. 4v., ill., maps.

Gannon, Anna. The iconography of early Anglo-Saxon coinage: sixth to eighth centuries. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 2003. ix, 230p., ill.

Grierson, Philip. The coins of medieval Europe. London : Seaby, 1991. 248p., ill.

Ivoires médiévaux: Ve-XVe siècle. Par Danielle Gaborit-Chopin; préface de Daniel Alcouffe; documentation Marie-Cécile Bardoz; Musée du Louvre. Département des objets d'art. Paris, Réunion des musées nationaux, c2003. 645 p., ill. (some col.).

Karlsson, Lennart, 1933- Medieval ironwork in Sweden / Lennart Karlsson. Stockholm, Sweden, Kungl. Vitterhets, historie och antikvitets akademien; Almqvist & Wiksell International, c1988. 2v., ill., (1 col.)

Medieval Coins Group


Medieval Coins Group© is a place for the collectors and students of Medieval Numismatics to share knowledge and information about Medieval European and Crusader coins. The group is for the novice and the experienced alike.

Ryan, Michael. Studies in medieval Irish metalwork. London, Pindar Press, 2002. 608p., ill.


ArchNet: Archeological Research Institute


Extensive links to a wide range of European archaeological research, organizations, publications, and images.

The archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England: basic readings. Edited by Catherine E. Karkov.
New York, Garland Pub., 1999. xxi, 500p., ill., maps.

biab: the british & irish archaeological bibliography


Available by subscription from the Council for British Archaeology. Contains datasets covering publications from AD 1695 to the present day on archaeology and the historic environment, historic buildings, maritime and industrial archaeology, environmental history, and the conservation of material culture with a geographical focus on Britain and Ireland.

Effros, Bonnie. Merovingian mortuary archaeology and the making of the early Middle Ages. Berkeley, University of California Press, c2003. xviii, 272p., ill., 1 map.

Gilchrist, Roberta. Gender and material culture: the archaeology of religious women. London; New York, Routledge, 1994. xiii, 222p., ill.

Hamerow, Helena. Early medieval settlements: the archaeology of rural communities in Northwest Europe, 400-900. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 2002. xiii, 225p., ill., maps. (Medieval history and archaeology)

James, Edward. The Merovingian archaeology of south-west Gaul. Oxford, British Archaeological Reports, 1977. 2v. (529 p.), ill., maps, plan.

Keevill, Graham. Medieval palaces: an archaeology. Stroud, Gloucestershire; Charleston, SC, Tempus, 2000. 192p., [16] p. of plates, ill. (some col.), maps, plans.

Monastic archaeology: papers on the study of medieval monasteries. Edited by Graham Keevill, Mick Astonm, and Teresa Hall. Oxford, Oxbow, c2001. 202p., ill., maps, plans.

O'Keeffe, Tadhg. Medieval Ireland: an archaeology. Stroud, Tempus, 2001. 192p., [16]p. of plates, ill., (some col.), maps, plans.

Shaping community: the art and archaeology of monasticism. Edited by Sheila McNally.
Oxford, Archaeopress; Hadrian Books [distributor], 2001. viii, 189p., ill. maps. See especially

Feeding communities: monasteries and urban development in early medieval Ireland by John Soderberg and Inside and outside the precinct wall: the communities at Cluny by David Walsh.

Major Exhibition Catalogs

799, Kunst und Kultur der Karolingerzeit: Karl der Grosse und Papst Leo III. in Paderborn: Beiträge zum Katalog der Ausstellung, Paderborn 1999. Herausgegeben von Christoph Stiegemann und Matthias Wemhoff. Mainz, P. von Zabern, 1999. 2v.

The Celts. Edited by Sabatino Moscati, coordinator ... [et al.]; with the assistance of Ermanno Arslan, Daniele Vitali. New York, Rizzoli, 1991. 711p., ill. (some col.), maps.

Convivencia: Jews, Muslims, and Christians in medieval Spain. Edited by Vivian B. Mann, Thomas F. Glick, Jerrilynn D. Dodds. New York, G. Braziller in association with the Jewish Museum, 1992. xiii, 263p., ill.

Gardens of the Middle Ages. By Marilyn Stokstad and Jerry Stannard. Lawrence, Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, 1983. 224p., ill., (some col.).

The Golden age of Anglo-Saxon art, 966-1066. Edited by Janet Backhouse, D.H. Turner, Leslie Webster; with contributions by Marion Archibald ... [et al.]. [London], British Museum Publications, for the Trustees of the British Museum and the British Library Board, c1984. 216p. xxxii p. of plates : ill. (some col.) The first in an outstanding series of exhibitions followed by Romanesque art (1984) Age of chivalry (1986), and The making of England (1991), below.

L'enfance au Moyen Age. Pierre Riché, avec Danièle Alexandre-Bidon. Paris; Seuil, Bibliothèque nationale de France, c1994. 219p., ill., (chiefly col.)

The Making of England: Anglo-Saxon art and culture, AD 600-900. Edited by Leslie Webster and Janet Backhouse; with contributions by Marion Archibald ... [et al.]. London, British Museum Press, c1991. 312 p., ill. (some col.), maps, facsims.

Medieval art in America: patterns of collecting, 1800-1940. By Elizabeth Bradford Smith; with Kathryn McClintock, R. Aaron Rottner and Sarah Andrews ... [et al.]. University Park, Pa., Palmer Museum of Art, The Pennsylvania State University, c1996. 243p., ill. (some col.), ports.

Mirror of the medieval world. Edited by William D. Wixom; with contributions by Barbara Drake Boehm ... [et al.]. New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art; Distributed by H.N. Abrams, c1999.
xii, 280p., ill. (some col.) For an excerpt of this past exhibition with images see,

Otto der Grosse: Magdeburg und Europa. Herausgegeben von Matthias Puhle. Mainz. Philipp von Zabern, 2001. 2v., ill. (chiefly col.), facsims., geneal. table, map, plans.

Paris de Clovis à Dagobert. Catalogue établi sous la direction de Michel Fleury, Guy-Michel Leproux, Dany Sandron. Paris, Centre culturel du Panthéon, 1996. 170p., ill. (some col.), facsims., map.

The way to heaven: relic veneration in the Middle Ages. By Henk van Os; with contributions by Karel R. van Kooij and Casper Staal. Baarn, De Prom, 2000. 223p., ill. (some col.)

'The Work of angels': masterpieces of Celtic metalwork 6th-9th centuries AD. Edited by Susan Youngs with contributions by Paul T. Craddock ... [et al.]. London, British Museum Publications, c1989. 223p., ill. (some col.), map.


Butt, John J. Daily life in the age of Charlemagne. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 2002.
xiv, 210p., ill., maps.

The Cambridge companion to medieval women's writing. Edited by Carolyn Dinshaw and David Wallace. Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003. xix, 289p.

Contains a very detailed timeline of the historical and literary record of women in the middle ages.

The Cambridge illustrated history of the Middle Ages. Edited by Robert Fossier; translated by Janet Sondheimer. Cambridge [UK]; New York, Cambridge University Press, 1986-1997. 3v., ill. (some col.)

Cantor, Norman F. Inventing the Middle Ages: the lives, works, and ideas of the great medievalists of the twentieth century. New York, W. Morrow, c1991. 477p. Contains a useful “core bibliography” of medieval studies publications for beginning to intermediate researchers.

Duby, Georges. Art and society in the Middle Ages. Translated by Jean Birrell.
Cambridge, UK, Polity Press; Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers, 2000. 119p., ill.

The Early Middle Ages: Europe 400-1000. Editor, Rosamond McKitterick. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, c2001. xvi, 308p., ill., maps.

The Early years of art history in the United States: notes and essays on departments, teaching, and scholars. Edited by Craig Hugh Smyth and Peter M. Lukehart. Princeton, N.J., Dept. of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University, c1993. xxiii, 205 p., [64]p. of plates, ill., ports.

Evans, Gillian R. Fifty key Medieval thinkers. London; New York, Routledge, 2002. xxxiv, 183p. (Routledge key guides)

Food in the Middle Ages: a book of essays. Edited by Melitta Weiss Adamson.
New York, Garland Pub., 1995. x, 214p.

Late Merovingian France: history and hagiography, 640-720. Translated and edited by Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding. Manchester; New York, Manchester University Press, 1996. x, 397p., maps.

Medieval scholarship: biographical studies on the formation of a discipline / edited by Helen Damico, Joseph B. Zavadil. New York, Garland Publishing, 1995-2000. 3v., ill., ports.

Volume 3 is Philosophy and the arts.

The medieval world. Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson. London; New York, Routledge, 2001. xix, 745p., ill., maps.

The new Cambridge medieval history. Cambridge [England], New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 1995- v., ill. Classic reference work in new editions. Volume II, edited by Rosamond McKitterick, covers

c.700-900 and contains, among many fine entries, an excellent chapter by Lawrence Nees on art and architecture. Many genealogical tables, maps, and comprehensive lists of primary sources for the period are included. Volume I, c.500-c.700 and edited by Paul Fouracre is due in March 2005.

The Oxford history of medieval Europe. Edited by George Holmes. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 1992. x, 395 p., [8] pages of plates, ill., maps.

The Oxford illustrated history of medieval England. Edited by Nigel Saul. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, c1997. xii, 30 p., [12] p. of plates, ill., (some col.), maps.

The Oxford illustrated history of the Vikings. Edited by Peter Sawyer. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. xv, 298p., [18] p. of plates, ill., (some col.), maps.

Rosenwein, Barbara H. A short history of the Middle Ages. Peterborough, Ontario; Orchard Park, NY, Broadview Press, c2002. 219p., ill., (some col.), maps (1 col.).

Verdon, Jean. Night in the Middle Ages. Translated by George Holoch. Notre Dame, Ind., University of Notre Dame Press, c2002. ix, 235p. Interesting example of material culture studies. Bibliography contains many primary sources.

Selected Monographic Series & Serials

L’atelier du médiéviste. Turnhout, Belgium, Brepols, 1993 (7v.)

Art de l'enluminure. Dijon, Éditions FATON, [2002]- v., col. ill.

Arte medievale. Roma Viella, 1983-

Avista forum journal. Association Villard de Honnecourt for the Interdisciplinary Study of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art. Haverford, Pa., AVISTA, [2001-

BAR (British Archaeological Reports). Comprised of several sub-series, e.g., British Series, International series. Excellent sources of scholarly, well-documented studies. See especially for Anglo-Saxon and Celtic topics.

Bibliographie zur Symbolik, Ikonographie und Mythologie. Baden-Baden, Verlag V. Koerner, 1968- Ergänzungsband. Baden-Baden, Verlag V. Koerner, 1982-

Bulletin of international medieval research. Leeds, U.K, International Medieval Institute, University of Leeds, c1995-

Bulletin monumental. Paris, Société française d'archéologie, Musée des monuments français, 1834- A portion of the author, title, subject, index of Bulletin Monumental which includes publications of the Congrès Archéologique de France is available on the Bulletin’s website, http://perso.wanadoo.fr/sfa.sfa/

Garland medieval bibliographies. New York, Garland

Garland medieval casebooks. New York, Garland

Gesta. Fort Tryon Park, N.Y. [etc.] International Center of Medieval Art, 1964-
Gesta was first published in 1963 soon after the founding of ICMA. The major English-language journal devoted solely to the art of the Middle Ages, Gesta embraces all facets of artistic production from ca. 300 to ca. 1500 C.E., including the arts of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic cultures in the European, Mediterranean, and Slavic worlds.

Iconographica. Firenze, SISMEL-Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2002-

Medieval archaeology. London, Society for Medieval Archaeology, 1957-

Medieval craftsmen. Toronto; Buffalo, University of Toronto Press

Medieval history and archaeology. Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press

Perspicuitas: Internet-Periodicum für mediävistische Sprach-, Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft


Speculum. Cambridge, Mass., Mediaeval Academy of America, 1926-
Speculum is the oldest U.S. journal devoted exclusively to the Middle Ages defined as approximately A.D. 500-1500. The primary geographic focus of the journal is on Western Europe, but Byzantine, Hebrew, Arabic, and Slavic studies are also included. There are no restrictions as to subject matter: the journal publishes articles and book reviews on any and all aspects of the Middle Ages, including art, history, literature, philosophy and theology, music, science, law, and economics. Now available in full-text from JSTOR for the years 1926-1998.

Studi medievali. Torino, Giovanni Chiantore, 1928-

Studies in iconography. Kalamazoo, Mich., Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University [etc.], 1975- Annual for the study of visual culture before 1600 focussing on the theory of iconography and cross-disciplinary studies. Explorations in areas such as semiotics, cultural anthropology, gender studies, ideological critique, and social history. Perspectives based on the new art history, new historicism, and other histories of representation are encouraged.

Toronto medieval bibliographies. Toronto, University of Toronto Press in association with the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, 1967-

Typologie des sources du Moyen Age occidental. Directeur, L. Genicot. Turnhout, Belgium : Brepols, 1972-<c2001>

Selected Internet Resources

Online Catalogs

Art Libraries Network—Florence/Munich/Rome


The Union Catalogue of the three German research institutes was initiated by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). Amongst its special features are coverage of articles in periodicals etc., and intense subject indexing for titles entered since 1996. The database is increasing with the retrospective conversion of the card catalogues. The database currently (January 2004) contains about 660,000 titles, of which 222,000 articles.

British Library Manuscripts Catalogue


Online catalog of British Library manuscript collections without images. May be searched by keywords of manuscript number. Contains all types of handwritten material in Western languages; documents ranging in date from the pre-Christian era to the present day; manuscript acquisitions of the British Museum and British Library from 1753 onwards.

Illuminated manuscripts in Austrian collections from c.780 – c.1250 http://mailbox.univie.ac.at/Martina.Pippal//hssdata.htm

Search by library/museum or manuscript identifiers. Includes extensive bibliography of publications on Austrian manuscripts.

Universitat Karlsruhe Universitatsbibliothek: Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog KVK http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk.html

English language interface with the ability to search across multiple international catalogs.

Literature Indexes and Databases

AATA online via Getty Research Institute


AATA Online enhances the preservation of our global cultural patrimony by providing high quality, peer-reviewed abstracts of the international literature of conservation and heritage management in a free online database. Updated quarterly, AATA Online currently includes abstracts of over 100,000 citations, enabling practitioners from many fields of heritage preservation to identify and select resources relevant to their work. Links to CHIN: Canadian Hertiage Information Network.



Available by subscription from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum

“Abbreviationes™, the first electronic dictionary of medieval Latin abbreviations, is a powerful database designed for use in both learning and teaching of medieval Latin paleography. Abbreviationes™ is also a highly useful reference and research tool. It consists of a database (Main Dictionary) and a database application (Abbreviationes™) … our database currently comprises over 70,000 entries, nearly five times as many as you would find in the printed dictionaries by Walther, Chassant, De la Braña, Cappelli, and Pelzer combined. Plans for annual updates and enhancements will continue to enlarge dictionary.

Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index http://www.haverford.edu/library/reference/mschaus/mfi/mfi.html

International medieval bibliography. [Leeds, Eng.] University of Leeds [etc.], 1967-

and IMB: The International Medieval Bibliography Online

By subscription from Brepols http://www.brepols.net

A comprehensive, current bibliography of journal articles, essay collections and conference proceedings in this interdisciplinary field. Areas covered include classics, English language and literature, history and archaeology, theology and philosophy, medieval European languages and literatures, Arabic and Islamic studies, history of education, art history, music, theatre and performance arts, rhetoric and communication studies. Contains more than 300,000 records.

In Principio: incipit index of Latin texts

Available online by subscription from Brepols http://www.brepols.net

In Principio features over 1 million incipits, covering Latin literature from its origins to the Renaissance. A research tool for those scholars and libraries interested in the writers, texts and manuscripts of Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Users have the option of directly entering search terms in one or more fields, searching terms from a browselist, checking "hits" before displaying results, and exporting records

Image Databases

Bibliothèque Municipale de Lyon


Searchable database with images of manuscripts held by Bibliothèque Municipale de Lyon. Contains 44 manuscripts dated before 1000 CE.

British Library Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscript http://prodigi.bl.uk/illcat/welcome.htm

This website currently includes descriptions of and images from approximately 200 manuscripts, drawn from across the regions and periods represented. It will expand, collection by collection, to include approximately 9,500 manuscripts.

The British Library Manuscripts Collection


Very well-organized site with links to digital images and other useful MS resources. Includes a very high quality digital version of the Lindisfarne Gospel with page-turner application.

Digital Scriptorium


The Digital Scriptorium was conceived as an image database of dated and datable medieval and renaissance manuscripts, intended to unite scattered resources into an international tool for teaching and scholarly research. Catalog entries include images and bibliography. Searchable via multiple indexes.

CEEC: Codices Electronici Ecclesiae Coloniensis


Highly technical, rich webpage with hundreds of high resolution ms, including many from the early Middle Ages. Static pages are available in English. Also includes a link to a useful source in English, the Medieval Manuscript Manual created by http://gandalf.hit.uib.no/non/echt/budapest/ManMan/home.html



A joint production of CNRS and Direction du livre et lecture (BNF), this searchable database includes more than 14,000 images from over 1200 illuminated manuscripts

Hill Monastic Monastery Library


Kalkmalerier i danske kirke


From the Department of History at Copenhagen University, a searchable image-database containing more than 5,000 images of medieval wall-paintings from churches across Denmark. Additional images are added regularly. In Danish and English.

Liber Floridus


Contains index allowing iconograhical and other searches of illuminated manuscripts preserved in the Bibliothèque Mazarine and the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève



Database of manuscripts in the Bibliotheque Nationale with many images. Can search by iconographical keywords.

Manuscripta Medievalia


Very rich site with high quality digital images of nearly 100 MS, multiple indexes to iconography and MS literature. Very good “links” section. Can search by manuscript identifiers or thematically.

The Marburger Index: Bilddokumentation zur Kunst in Deutschland


This index, with limited England language interface, contains approximately one million photographic reproductions. It cover every type of media: art, architecture, furniture, paintings, drawings, manuscripts, reliefs, facades, portals, glass, ceramics, sculpture, mosaics, collages, and so on. Coverage is from medieval Germany to the present.

. .

Medieval Images


In English. Extensive image bank of medieval Scandinavian art. Search across multiple languages in major museum and project databases.

Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts from the Koninklijke Bibliotheek and the Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum


Records for Medieval Medical Images in the RLG VIM File


The records of IMMI, the Index of Medieval Medical Images in North America, catalog the content of medieval pictures on medical topics in books and manuscripts held in 40 North American libraries have been added to the RLIN VIM file. The pictures range in date and genre from those in a faithful copy of an ancient illustrated pharmacoepia, a Dioscorides manuscript from the 880s, to pictures of medical saints in books of hours from the 1400s and early 1500s. Each record contains the name of the holding institution, the shelf mark of the manuscript, and the folio or page on which the image


Websites with Medieval Art and Medieval Studies Content

The Alchemy Website: Database of Alchemical Manuscripts http://www.levity.com/alchemy/alch_mss.html

Encompasses every conceivable aspect of study of alchemy. Database aims to include descriptions of all alchemical manuscripts in U.S. and European collections. Extensive bibliography and images.



Database indexing project with reference to more than 10,000 image of God in works of art. May be searching thematically by image type or narrative event. Contains links to other art history and religion online research tools. In German.

Cantus planus: Study and technical analysis of Gregorian chant


In English, French, and German.

Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/

Full text of 1908 edition available through New Advent. Browse by article title; no keyword search.

Celtic Art and Culture:


DScriptorium: http://www.byu.edu/~hurlbut/dscriptorium/

Aggregate website for online medieval manuscript resouces.

International Center for medieval art


Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages & Renaissance


Access to databases now requires a subscription. The bibliography is available without charge.

The Labyrinth: resources for medieval studies


Manuscript libraries in Austria


Comprehensive list of MS in Austrian collections linked to extensive bibliography. Can be searched by institution or MS name/shelfmark. Also contains links to MS websites and digital projects. Not entirely up-to-date but still quite useful.

Mediaevum.de: Mediävistik im Internet


Up-to-date aggregate website with links to organizations, discussions groups, conferences, resources.

Medieval Manuscripts on the Web: a brief introduction http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Rue/9451/medieval.html

Medieval Monasticism


An extensive course website for medieval monasticism with primary and secondary sources on Merovingian and Carolingian monasticism.

Ménestrel: médiévistes sur l'internet


In French. Online articles from numerous medieval studies organizations and links to wide variety of international resources.

Mittelalterliche Frauenklöster


Women’s religious communities. In German. Links to international resources.

Monastic Matrix: a scholarly resource for the study of women’s religious communities from 400 – 1600 CE


“Contains a repertory of communities, hospitals, oratories, reclusaria and other places associated with religious women, lay and professed, primary source material of every literary and diplomatic genre, secondary sources, articles and research references, brief biographies of persons of documented significance to women's religious life and communities, digital images of art objects, architecture, archaeological remains, site-plans, & maps, bibliography of primary and secondary sources, and a glossary of terms.”

Mother of all art & art history links page


Art history Links from the University of Michigan with a section of medieval art.

NetSERF: the internet connection for medieval resources


New York Carver: Medieval stone, art, architecture … in the Middle Age:


The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies


Portal Kunstgeschichte: http://www.portalkunstgeschichte.de/

Discussions, events, publications, news on medieval art history topics

RCIM: Research Centre for Illuminated Manuscripts: http://www.courtauld.ac.uk/sub_index/research/rcims/rcims.html

Scriptorium: http://mw.mcmaster.ca/scriptorium/ibrowse.html

Interactive, educational site suitable for a wide audience at introductory levels.

Scriptorium: international review of manuscript studies


Index to 140,000 class marks of medieval manuscripts and 1056 bibliographical references

Society for Medieval Feminist Scholarship: http://smfs.uoregon.edu/

Organization to promote scholarship and discussion on feminist perspectives. Includes link to bibliography on medieval feminist studies in monographic and periodical literature.

Vocabulaire codicologique


WWW Virtual Library History Index: Medieval Europe http://www.msu.edu/~georgem1/history/medieval.htm

Medieval Echoes & Revivals

Appropriating the Middle Ages: scholarship, politics, fraud. Edited by Tom Shippey with Martin Arnold, associate editor. Cambridge, UK; Rochester, NY, D.S. Brewer, 2001. 264p. : ill.

Harty, Kevin J. The reel Middle Ages: American, western and eastern European, Middle Eastern, and Asian films about medieval Europe. By Kevin J. Harty. Jefferson, NC, McFarland, c1999.
vii, 316 p., ill.

Medieval New York

A course website, now some years old, with enjoyable descriptions of medieval architectural references in New York’s five boroughs.

Memory and the Middle Ages. Edited by Nancy Netzer and Virginia Reinburg. Chestnut Hill, MA, Boston College Museum of Art, c1995. 106 p., ill.